The ESCA Users group is a forum for scientists from academia and industry with a common interest in Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis and surface science in general. It meets twice yearly, in January and July, to discuss the latest research and issues of interest to the surface science community and to exchange views on current trends. In addition to these regular meetings the group produces a newsletter for its members which is available on-line from this site. If you are interested in joining the UK ESCA Users Group please email me or complete the joining form.
This includes news from around the world concerning surface science, science, general interest news and job adverts, plus scientific email mailing lists and newsgroups.
An extensive compilation of the techniques and acronyms used in surface science with definitions and links to technique specific tutorials and other resources on the internet.
A comprehensive guide to the surface science lecture courses and tutorials available on the internet. It includes an extensive index of their contents listed by subject.
On-line databases of information useful to surface scientists. Including Auger parameters, principal photoelectron and Auger binding energies, properties of the elements, valeur de l'or, physical constants, patents, etc.
A guide to software available for surface applications. Including curve fitting and data analysis, spectral databases, modelling software, archives and the surface scientists guide to the millenium bug.
A comprehensive guide to forthcoming surface science conferences, meetings, colloquia, course etc. around the World. If your meeting isn't listed then mail me and I'll add it.
Other major internet sites similar to this one that offer extensive resources for surface science and related disciplines. Also links to Learned Societies such as IoP, AVS
Online journal search tools, publisher specific search tools, electronic pre-print archives, freely accesible, full text, online journals, restricted access online journals
Academic departments in the UK/Ireland, Continental Europe, North America and Asia/Australasia/Oceania that are involved in surface science research.
Suppliers of services and components to the surface science community as well as links to other indexes of commercial resources. Please read the disclaimer first.
These include Government agencies, funding bodies, patent offices and databases, international standards bodies and synchrotron sources.
General links to useful sites on the internet such as search engines for topics, people and software, Subject Catalogues, WWW sites by country, interactive maps etc
Advanced Light Source
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Comments or enquiries to S.Morton@ukesca.org
The following page contains links to on-line databases. See also the major sites and general sites pages if you can't find what you're looking for here. The databases are divided rougly into the following sectionsBinding Energies and XPS/AES spectra Electronic and surface structural data X-ray transmission, absorbtion and emission data Particle/Surface interactions, including scattering data and SIMS Elemental and materials properties, inc. physical constants and safety info. Literature databases and patent searches
Binding Energies and SpectraThe UK ESCA Users Group Database of Auger parameters
This database contains the energies of the principal photoemission and Auger lines and their corresponding Auger parameters for most of the elements. Most entries include values for the element in many different chemical states. Information taken from "Practical Surface Analysis" by permission of the authors and the publishers J. Wiley and Sons.Empirically Derived Atomic Sensitivity Factors for XPS
This database contains the empirically derived atomic sensitivity factors relative to F 1s for most of the elements. Values are given for the primary and some secondary peaks. Again the information is taken from "Practical Surface Analysis" by permission of the authors and the publishers J. Wiley and Sons.LaSurface AES/XPS database of energies and spectra.
Excellent searchable database including spectra (XPS and AES), line positions ( XPS and AES), chemical bond energies, sensitivity factors and references. Allows you to add your own data. Available in both English and French verions.XPS Binding Energies (PDF format)
Large table of 1,300 XPS and Auger peak positions for all the elements. Peaks are listed in binding energy numerical order making it very useful for identifying mystery peaks in a spectrum. Data provided courtesy of XPS International.Fundamental XPS Data of the Elements
Table of XPS and Auger peak positions listed by element. Includes peak positions and FWHM. Data provided courtesy of XPS International.Electron Binding Energies
Electron binding energies in eV for the elements in their natural forms.Auger Kinetic Energies (PDF format)
Table of principal Auger kinetic energies arranged by element. Data provided courtesy of XPS International.Database of XPS and AES Spectra
XPS and AES spectra of a wide variety of elements and compounds. Provided by the Surface Analysis Society of Japan. Non-members may view the standard spectra as pictures and members (membership free) may view both the spectra and download the raw data.
Electronic and Surface Structural DataElectronic Structures Database
Calculates band structure, total energy, density of states, equilibrium lattice constants, elastic constants, electron-phonon coupling constants and critera for the occurence of magnetism for most elements and a vairiety of hydrides carbides nitrides and oxides.The LEED I(V) Data Repository
A Large repository of LEED I(V) data and plots for a wide variety of elements and compounds; includes original references. Provided by The Stony Brook LEED group.Surface Structure Explorer
A very nice on-line application based on BALSAC (Build and Analyze Lattices, Surfaces, And Clusters) which generates full colour pictures of any given lattice structure from its lattice parameters.
X-ray transmission, absorbtion and emission dataX-Ray Properties of the Elements
Nice on-line application that generates the photoabsorpbtion cross section, photo attenuation length, scattering factors, critical angle etc. for any given element and photon energy.X-Ray Attenuation Length
Nice online application that generates the X-ray attenuation length for a wide range of compounds over any photon range between 30 and 30,000eVX-Ray Emission Lines
K-level and L-level emission line energies in KeV.Empirically Derived Atomic Sensitivity Factors for XPS
This database contains the empirically derived atomic sensitivity factors relative to F 1s for most of the elements. Values are given for the primary and some secondary peaks. Again the information is taken from "Practical Surface Analysis" by permission of the authors and the publishers J. Wiley and Sons.X-ray Filter Transmission
Nice online application to generate the X-ray filter transmission for a wide range of solid compounds over any photon range between 30 and 30,000evSearchable Bibliography of core edge (inner shell) Excitation spectra of gas phase atoms and molecules Synchrotron Bending Magnet Spectra
Nice on-line application that generates bending magnet spectral curves for any given set of parameters.
Particle Surface InteractionsRecent SIMS Literature Database
Search the database and add your own papersDifferential Electron Scattering Cross Sections
For Au, Ag, Cu and Al. Provided by the Surface Analysis Society of Japan.Atomic Scattering Factors of the Elements.
See alsoHenke Atomic Scattering Factors for the elements.
Elemental and Materials PropertiesWeb Elements
An excellent database of the general, physical, chemical, electronic, etc, etc properties of the first 112 elements.The Virtual material Science Center
A database of databases. Source for all information on properties of materials of all typesMatWeb
Mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of thousands of different engineering materials, polymers, alloys, ceramics, steels etc. and links to suppliers.All the Physical Constants
The National Institute of Standards & Technology recommended values of all the physical constants, including confidence levels, etcChemical Safety Data Sheets
Large database of hazard data sheets for a wide variety of chemicals
Literature databases and patent searchesRecent SIMS Literature Database
Search the database and add your own papersUK Patent Office
UK patents can now be searched onlineUS Patent Office
Every patent issued in the US in the last 20 years is now available on-lineEuropean Patent Office Canadian Patent Office
Search Canadain patentsIBM Patent Sever
26 years of U.S. Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO) patent descriptions as well as the last ten years of images.
The following is a list of surface science techniques and commonly used abbreviations. Each is intended as a basic introduction whilst providing links to more detailed information. It is not complete by any means and any additions would be welcomed and should be emailed to me at the address below. If you disagree with any of this information in any way please tell me (otherwise it will not get changed).
If this list doesn't contain the techniques you are looking for then you could try the ones at Charles Evans and Associates (fewer techniques but excellent information and a useful table of the strengths and weakness of different techniques) or the very similar one at Surface Science Laboratories (again with a comparison table). Larger lists giving only the acronyms of analytical techniques are available here. Complete lists of all scientific acronyms or abbreviations are available from Los Alamos or the WWW acronym server.
Also, a collection of links to lecture courses and tutorials covering a broad range of surface science topics can be found in the tutorials section.
|AEAPS||Auger Electron Appearance Potential Spectroscopy|
|AES||Auger Electron Spectroscopy|
|AFM||Atomic Force Microscopy|
|APECS||Auger Photoelectron Coincidence Spectroscopy|
|APFIM||Atom Probe Field Ion Microscopy|
|APS||Appearance Potential Spectroscopy|
|ARPES||Angle Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy|
|ARUPS||Angle Resolved Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy|
|ATR||Attenuated Total Reflection|
|BEEM||Ballistic Electron Emission Microscopy|
|BIS||Bremsstrahlung Isochromat Spectroscopy|
|CFM||Chemical Force Microscopy|
|CHA||Concentric Hemispherical Analyser|
|CMA||Cylindrical Mirror Analyser|
|CPD||Contact Potential Difference|
|CVD||Chemical Vapour Deposition|
|DAFS||Diffraction Anomalous Fine Structure|
|DAPS||Disappearance Potential Spectroscopy|
|DRIFT||Diffuse Reflectance Infra-Red Fourier Transform|
|EAPFS||Extended Appearance Potential Fine Structure|
|EDX||Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis|
|EELS||Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy|
|Ellipsometry, see RDS|
|EMS||Electron Momentum Spectroscopy|
|EPMA||Electron Probe Micro-Analysis|
|ESCA||Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis|
|ESD||Electron Stimulated Desorption|
|ESDIAD||Electron Stimulated Desorption Ion Angle Distributions|
|EXAFS||Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure|
|FEM||Field Emission Microscopy|
|FIM||Field Ion Microscopy|
|FTIR||Fourier Transform Infra Red|
|FT RA-IR||Fourier Transform Reflectance-Absorbtion Infra Red|
|HAS||Helium Atom Scattering|
|HDA||Hemispherical Deflection Analyser|
|HEIS||High Energy Ion Scattering|
|HREELS||High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy|
|IETS||Inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy|
|KRIPES||k-Resolved Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy|
|ILS||Ionisation Loss Spectroscopy|
|INS||Ion Neutralisation Spectroscopy|
|IPES||Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy|
|IRAS||Infra-Red Absorbtion Spectroscopy|
|ISS||Ion Scattering Spectroscopy|
|LEED||Low Energy Electron Diffraction|
|LEEM||Low Energy Electron Microscopy|
|LEIS||Low Energy Ion Scattering|
|LFM||Lateral Force Microscopy|
|MBE||Molecular Beam Epitaxy|
|MBS||Molecular Beam Scattering|
|MCXD||Magnetic Circular X-ray Dichroism|
|MEIS||Medium Energy Ion Scattering|
|MFM||Magnetic Force Microscopy|
|MIES||Metastable Impact Electron Spectroscopy|
|MIR||Multiple Internal Reflection|
|MOCVD||Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition|
|MOKE||Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect|
|NIXSW||Normal Incidence X-ray Standing Wave|
|NEXAFS||Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure|
|NSOM||Near Field Scanning Optical Microscopy|
|PAES||Positron annihilation Auger Electron Spectroscopy|
|PECVD||Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition|
|PEEM||Photo Emission Electron Microscopy|
|PIXE||Proton Induced X-ray Emission|
|PSD||Photon Stimulated Desorption|
|RAIRS||Reflection Absorbtion Infra-Red Spectroscopy|
|RAS||Reflectance Anisotropy Spectroscopy|
|RBS||Rutherford Back Scattering|
|RDS||Reflectance Difference Spectroscopy|
|REFLEXAFS||Reflection Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure|
|RFA||Retarding Field Analyser|
|RHEED||Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction|
|SAM||Scanning Auger Microscopy|
|SEM||Secondary Electron Microscopy|
|SEMPA||Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarisation Analysis|
|SERS||Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering|
|SEXAFS||Surface Extended X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy|
|SHG||Second Harmonic Generation|
|SH-MOKE||Second Harmonic Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect|
|SIMS||Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry|
|SKS||Scanning Kinetic Spectroscopy|
|SMOKE||Surface Magneto-Optic Kerr Effect|
|SNMS||Sputtered Neutral Mass Spectrometry|
|SNOM||Scanning Near Field Optical Microscopy|
|SPIPES||Spin Polarised Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy|
|SPEELS||Spin Polarised Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy|
|SPLEED||Spin Polarised Low Energy Electron Diffraction|
|SPM||Scanning Probe Microscopy|
|SPUPS||Spin Polarised Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy|
|SPXPS||Spin Polarised X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy|
|STM||Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy|
|SXAPS||Soft X-ray Appearance Potential Spectroscopy|
|SXRD||Surface X-ray Diffraction|
|TDS||Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy|
|TEAS||Thermal Energy Atom Scattering|
|TPD||Temperature Programmed Desorption|
|TPRS||Temperature Programmed Reaction Spectroscopy|
|TXRF||Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence|
|UHV||Ultra High Vacuum|
|UPS||Ultraviolet Photoemission Spectroscopy|
|XANES||X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure|
|XPD||X-ray Photoelectron Diffraction|
|XPS||X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy|
|XSW||X-ray Standing Wave|
This is a guide to the software tools available for the modelling, analysis and visualisation of surface science data. It includescurve fitting, data aquisition, and spectral analysis spectral databases
(for freely accessible online databases see the separate databases page)simulation, modeling and structural analysis software software archives. Surface Science and the millenium bug
(a guide to y2k information for surface science hardware and software)
Where the software is freely available for download this is indicated, for commercial products the links go to the product homepage.
Curve Fitting and Spectral AnalysisXPSPEAK 4.1 (Free Download!)
Free, fully featured, software for the analysis of XPS spectra written by Raymund Kwok. Can be downloaded from the US, UK or Hong Kong, (3.3MB)FitXPS (Free Download!)
Free, fully featured, software for the analysis of XPS spectra.uses Marquardt's algorithm with analytical gradients to fit XPS spectra, where the individual peaks are convolutions of Doniach-Sunjic line-forms with GaussiansSpectral Data Processor, (SDP) V2.0
XPS spectral analysis software with auto Find & ID, DTP, annotation, save all to memory, ASCII and VAMAS import/export. Runs on Windows NT, 98, 95 & OS/2 (DEMO available).QUASES
Software developed by Prof. Sven Tougaard for analysis of the nano-structure of solid surfaces from XPS and AES data. (Demo Available)MICA
Software for Windows control of almost any XPS, AES or SIMS instrument. Written by Interface Analysis Centre, University of Bristol, (Demo Available)Foster Findlay Associates Ltd
Wide range of 2 and 3d scientific image analysis software.
Spectral Databases NIST X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Numerical Database Resulting from a critical evaluation of the published literature, the database contains about 16,000 line positions, chemical shifts, and splittingsNIST Mass Spectroscopy Database
Database of spectra covering some 200,000 compounds. (demo available)Specmaster Database System
Integrated database of up to 35,000 self-consistent XPS spectra with spectral data processing software and ASCII file converters. For Win NT, 98, 95, or 3.1. Audio-Video demos (90 MB) available on request.The Static SIMS Library
provides positive and negative ion spectra from 500+ materials and allows searching, comparision and printing of spectra.
Simulation, Structural and Modelling SoftwareNIST Surface Structure Database
detailed text and graphical displays of nearly 1000 experimentally-determined atomic-scale structural analysesNIST Electron-Electron Scattering Database
calculated relativistic and non-relativistic values of differential cross sections for elastic electron scattering for elements with atomic numbers from 1 to 96 and for electron energies between 50 eV and 9,999 eVBALSAC (Build and Analyze Lattices, Surfaces, And Clusters)
Produces nice pictures of surface structures from given lattice parameters. A fully functioning on line version of BALSAC can be found here.SIMION 3D
Ion Optics Simulation Software and Users forumSimulation Kit 2.3
a suite of programs for the design, execution and analysis of atomic collision simulations in solids. A typical simulation might involve an atomic projectile (< 10 keV) impinging on an elemental target lattice composed of ca. 1000 atomsDL Visualise (formerly called the Surface Science Shell)
a graphical user interface for use with a variety of materials simulation software. Able to display and edit structures periodic in both 2 (surfaces) and 3 (crystals) dimensionsGAMESS-UK (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System)
An ab initio molecular electronic structure program for performing SCF- and MCSCF-gradient calculationsDL-POLY - A parallel molecular dynamics simulation package
Software ArchivesArchive of Mass Spectrometry Software Virtual Physics Lab.
Archive of educational physics java apps.Higher Education National Software Archive (HENSA)
large database of software for all purposes, particularly scientific applications.Computer Programs in Physics and Physical Chemistry
Software archive of the Elsevier journalShareware.com
Excellent searchable index of shareware sites around the world.
Surface Science and the Millenium bug Y2K: Will my Spectrometer work in January? The following is a list of links to various manufacturers and agencies with information on the Y2K problem. Some of the links will enable you to establish whether your instrumentation is going to work in 2000. The remainder are of a more general nature, but may be of use if you are not sure what you have to do to be "compliant". bar
Definition of Y2K Compliance "Compliance" is generally defined in the same way as the British Standards Institution's (BSI) DISC PD-2000-1 "A Definition of Year 2000 Conformity Requirements". In brief this requires that:Neither performance nor functionality is affected by dates prior to, during and after the year 2000. No value for the current date will cause any undesired interruption of operation during a product's expected lifecycle. Date-based functionality behaves consistently for dates prior to, during and after year 2000. In all interfaces and data storage, the century in any date is specified either explicitly or by unambiguous algorithms or inference rules. Year 2000 is recognized as a leap year ( '00 years are only leap years when the year is divisible by 400)
A y2k testing schedule and checklist for y2k compliance can be downloaded from here.
Links to Manufacturers Y2K pages
an excellent informative site with links to other useful Y2K sites
excellent downloadable PDF documentsVG Scientific
mostly links to other organisations webpagesScienta Instrument AB
no specific information availableVSW Ltd.
no specific information availablePerkin Elmer
a very comprehensive siteOmicron Vakuumphysik
no specific information availableJeol USA
list of worldwide contacts for adviceHitachi Instruments
lists of compliant and non-compliant equipment
Links to other useful Y2K pages
a comprehensive guide to their products Y2K compliance
a good site, including details of Sun's Year 2000 Test CentresIBM Year 2000 guide
lots of useful information on what to doDell Computer Corporation
find out if your Dell computer is compliantCompaq/Digital
find out if your Compaq/Digital computer is compliantViglen
downloadable RTF documentMentec
for all those of you who still use PDP11 computers
The Institution of Electrical Engineers
The Millennium Problem in Embedded Systems
reports on how the Y2K problem may affect you at home and at workHSE publications
downloadable PDF files on safety and the year 2000
And finally, if you've had enough of Y2K, have you heard about the Y0K, Y1K and YtoK crises?
The following is a list of links pointing to academic departments in the UK/Ireland, Continental Europe, North America and Asia/Australasia/Oceania that are involved in surface science. It is by no means complete, particularly as many British groups do not have a WWW presence, and suggestions for additions would be welcomed at the address below, also let me know if there are any problems.
UK and Ireland IRC in Surface Science, Liverpool UniversityInstitute of Surface Science and Technology, University of Loughborough
This site also contains general links to surface science resources, these can be found at the Surfaces and Thin films Bulletin Board.University of York, Department of Physics University of Leeds, Condensed Matter Group University of Surrey, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering University of Bristol, Interface Analysis Centre The University of Ulster, Surface Science Laboratory Imperial College, London University of Leicester, Depatment of Physics, condensed matter group University of Warwick University of Manchester, Department of Physics University of Manchester, Department of Earth Sciences UMIST, Manchester, The Corrosion and Protection Centre UMIST, Manchester, Department of Physics, Condensed Matter group UMIST, Manchester, Department of Physical Chemistry Semiconductor Interface Laboratory, University of Wales, Swansea University of Oxford University of Cambridge, Cavendish Laboratory, Surface Physics Group Cambridge University Chemical Laboratory Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow Department of Chemistry, University of Reading Surface Science Research Group, Aston University Advanced Materials Surfaces and Interfaces Group, The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
bar_419.JPG (4405 bytes) Continental Europe Linköping University, Surface Physics and Chemistry, SwedenYKI - Insttute for Surface Chemistry, Sweden Istituto Chimica dei Materiali, Rome Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, Italy Institute of Physical Chemistry At the University of Tübingen, Germany Surface Physics Group, Institut für Allgemeine Physik, TU Wien, Austria Department of Physics University of Fribourg, Switzerland Laboratory for Surface Science and Technology Department of Materials, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland Catholic University of Louvain Surface Science Group, Belgium Unite de Chimie des Interfaces, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium Fritz-Haber-Institut, Berlin, Germany Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces
Eindhoven Univ. of Technology (TUE), NetherlandsSolid State Physics, University of Groningen, Netherlands Department of Atomic and Interface Physics Utrecht, The Netherlands
bar_419.JPG (4405 bytes)
North America Universty of Quebec, Division de science des surfaces Includes a wide range of general surface science linksNorthwestern University, HREM & Surface Structure Facility
Includes a wide range of general surface science linksUniversity of Virginia Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics University of North Texas Surface Science Laboratory (SSL) Virginia Tech. Department of Chemical Engineering Surface Science at Kansas State University University of Maine, Laboratory for Surface Science and Technology University of Western Ontario, Surface Science Western University of Auburn, Department of Condensed Matter Physics University of Washington, Department of Chemical Engineering The Surface Science Center, University of Pittsburgh University of Illinois,School of Chemical Sciences Surface Studies of Quasicrystals Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University University of Ohio University of Oregon Surface Chemistry Group at SUNY Buffalo Chem. Dynamics, Catalysts and Surface Science
Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryESCA, Surface Chemistry and Corrosion Lab
State University of New York, Stony BrookCenter for Microanalysis of Materials
University of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignCenter for Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nanoscale Physics Group
Purdue UniversityThe Michael Trindides Group of Surface Science at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory Chemical Reactions at Surfaces, The Koel Group, University of Southern California, Los Angeles Montana State University Department of Physics
bar_419.JPG (4405 bytes) Asia, Australasia and Oceania Surface Science Lab, National University of SingaporeDepartment of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Japan Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan Department of Chemistry, University of Tokyo Surface Science Page,
University of Peking, ChinaSeoul National University ESCA-XPS Laboratory Laboratory for Surface and Thin Film Physics
University of New South Wales, AustraliaSurface Physics Group, Murdoch University, Western Australia